Polyester Composite Material Production Using Waste of Pet Water Bottles and Pine
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The problem of environmental pollution has sprung to the fore with today’s over-population and packaged product sales have risen due to the changing consumption behaviors pursuant to today’s rising living standards, which caused solid waste composition to differentiate. Poly ethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle that is mostly used for the purpose of marketing liquids can be recycled as PET chips after a certain set of procedures. Pine forests have an important place in Turkey. Pine cones that fall seasonally either stay on the ground or are collected and burned. That being said, creating alternative usage areas for a huge amount of PET bottle wastes and pine cone wastes and, in the same scope, production of composite materials with high added value will create both economical opportunities and variety in terms of life cycle, more efficient usage of raw material resources and better sales cost for future needs of people. Two different materials, which were grinded pine cones (P) and PET bottle chips (B), as polyester matrix composite organic reinforcement samples, where an inorganic material known as mica was used at different ratios as filling, were reinforced separately and their resulting effect on mechanical properties was researched. Wt% (6:0, 9:0, 12:0, 6:6, 9:6 and 12:6) was established between mica as the filling in the composite material and the reinforcements (P/B). The effect induced by reinforcing mica at different ratios on the composite material, which was manufactured separately via both pine cone and PET bottle chip, was determined via tests to possess bending, impact resistance etc..