Adsorption of Reactive Red 120 from aqueous solutions by cetylpyridinium-bentonite
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CitationTabak, A., Baltas, N., Afsin, B., Emirik, M., Caglar, B., & Eren, E. (2010). Adsorption of Reactive Red 120 from aqueous solutions by cetylpyridinium‐bentonite. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 85(9), 1199-1207.
BACKGROUND: The removal of Reactive Red 120 (RR 120) from aqueous solutions using cetylpyridinium modified Resadiye bentonite (CP-bentonite) prepared by ion exchange was investigated with particular reference to the effects of temperature, pH and ionic strength on adsorption. RESULTS: Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and thermal analysis (TG-DTG/DTA) techniques revealed that the anionic dye (RR 120) molecules replaced partly cationic surfactant species on interacting with CP-bentonite. The positive surface charge originating from the cationic surfactant species located on the external surface of the modified bentonite sample increased at low pH values. The significant amount of dye removal by CP-bentonite at high pH values proved the importance of pi and van der Waals interactions other than the electrostatic attraction in the duration of the adsorption process. The adsorption isotherms and the kinetic data were well described by the Langmuir and pseudo-second-order kinetic model, respectively. The Gibbs energy (Delta G), enthalpy (Delta H) and entropy (Delta S) changes in the temperature range 25-65 degrees C pointed out that the RR 120 uptake increased in parallel with the temperature. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the structural arrangement of cetylpyridinium ions in the CP-bentonite sample as well as the pH, temperature and ionic strength of the bulk solution influenced the adsorption of RR 120 dye from aqueous solutions by CP-bentonite. (C) 2010 Society of Chemical Industry