Single-Phase On-Board Bidirectional PEV Charger for V2G Reactive Power Operation
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CitationKisacikoglu, M. C., Kesler, M., & Tolbert, L. M. (2014). Single-phase on-board bidirectional PEV charger for V2G reactive power operation. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 6(2), 767-775.
This paper presents the design and implementation of a single-phase on-board bidirectional plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charger that can provide reactive power support to the utility grid in addition to charging the vehicle battery. The topology consists of two-stages: 1) a full-bridge ac–dc boost converter; and 2) a half-bridge bidirectional dc–dc converter. The charger operates in two quadrants in the activereactive power (PQ) power plane with five different operation modes (i.e., charging-only, charging-capacitive, charginginductive, capacitive-only, and inductive-only). This paper also presents a unified controller to follow utility PQ commands in a smart grid environment. The cascaded two-stage system controller receives active and reactive power commands from the grid, and results in line current and battery charging current references while also providing a stable dynamic response. The vehicle’s battery is not affected during reactive power operation in any of the operation modes. Testing the unified system controller with a 1.44 kVA experimental charger design demonstrates the successful implementation of reactive power support functionality of PEVs for future smart grid applications. Index Terms—Battery charger, plug-in electric vehicle (P