Effectiveness of Ti-micro alloying in relation to cooling rate on corrosion of AZ91 Mg alloy
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CitationCandan, S., Celik, M., & Candan, E. (2016). Effectiveness of ti-micro alloying in relation to cooling rate on corrosion of AZ91 mg alloy. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 672, 197-203. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.02.043
In this study, micro Ti-alloyed AZ91 Mg alloys (AZ91 þ 0.5wt.%Ti) have been investigated in order to clarify effectiveness of micro alloying and/or cooling rate on their corrosion properties. Molten alloys were solidified under various cooling rates by using four stage step mold. The microstructural investigations were carried out by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Corrosion behaviors of the alloys were evaluated by means of immersion and electrochemical polarization tests in 3.5% NaCl solution. Results showed that the Mg17Al12 (b) intermetallic phase in the microstructure of AZ91 Mg alloy formed as a net-like structure. The Ti addition has reduced the distribution and continuity of b intermetallic phase and its morphology has emerged as fully divorced eutectic. Compared to AZ91 alloy, the effect of the cooling rate in Ti-added alloy on the grain size was less pronounced. When AZ91 and its Ti-added alloys were compared under the same cooling conditions, the Ti addition showed notably high corrosion resistance. Electrochemical test results showed that while Icorr values of AZ91 decrease with the increase in the cooling rate, the effect of the cooling rate on Icorr values was much lower in the Ti-added alloy. The corrosion resistance of AZ91 Mg alloy was sensitive towards the cooling rates while Ti-added alloy was not affected much from the cooling conditions.