Pyrolysis of Spirulina sp. Microalgae: Effect of Temperature on Chemical Compositions of Bio-Oil and Aqueous Phase
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CitationÖzçakir, G., & Karaduman, A. Pyrolysis of Spirulina sp. Microalgae: Effect of Temperature on Chemical Compositions of Bio-Oil and Aqueous Phase.
Pyrolysis of Spirulina sp. Microalgae was carried out in a semi-batch glass reactor system. Effect of temperature on the yields of pyrolytic products (gaseous, liquid and solid residue) and chemical composition of the liquid products were investigated. All experiments were performed in 25 mL/min nitrogen atmosphere with 15 g feedstock which was dry and powder form of Spirulina. Temperature was varied from 470 to 620 °C with 50 °C break by utilizing PID controller which was setted 10 °C/min heating rate. The aqueous phase and bio-oil (organic phase) of the liquid products were characterized by GC-MS. Maximum yields of bio-oil and aqueous phase were obtained approximately as 30 wt. % at 520 °C and as 20 wt. % at 470 °C. When temperature was increased, oxygenated compounds and aromatic hydrocarbons decreased. However, nitrogenous compounds and alkanes increased in the microalgal pyrolytic bio-oil.