Use of gradient and normal vectors for face recognition
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KünyeKoc, M., Ergin, S., Gülmezoğlu, M. B., Edizkan, R., & Barkana, A. (2020). Use of gradient and normal vectors for face recognition. IET Image Processing, 14(10), 2121-2129. doi:10.1049/iet-ipr.2019.1128
The main objective of this study is to compare face recognition accuracies in the case when the grey levels in eachpixel of the face images are replaced by the gradient and the surface normal vectors. Extensive information is provided toexplain the differences between the gradient and the proposed features. Some well-known face recognition methods, such ascommon vector approach (CVA), discriminative CVA, and support vector machines are applied to the well-known databases ofAR and Yale for comparison other than introducing a new method what the authors called as Sum of Pixel Slope SimilaritiesApproach. The authors’ experimental results are compared with the state-of-the-art methods to the best of their knowledge. Inconclusion, their results imply that using the surface normal vectors rather than the gradient vectors in each pixel with noadditional work on their elements gives better recognition rates.